Social distancing is the need for an hour right now. While India is observing the mega the biggest lockdown of the history, social distancing is the only effective cure.

Strict rules are in motion to monitor people’s personal movement to limit the spread of coronavirus. Since the inception of the coronavirus pandemic, the government is encouraging people to practice social distancing.

Under the restrictions, people must stay at home and only leave for the following reasons:

  • Shopping for basic necessities, although this should be done as little as possible
  • Medical need or to provide care for a vulnerable person
  • Travel to or from work only if you are a part of emergency services

Shops selling non-essential items are no more open now. Along with cafes, pubs, restaurants, nightclubs, theatres, cinemas, libraries, places of worship, gyms and leisure centers.

Some outdoor spaces, including playgrounds, outdoor gyms, and public parks are close now.

Gatherings of more than two people not from the same household are banned. Weddings and other social gatherings are banned but funerals are still allowed.

The restrictions were introduced on 22 March, initially for only a day. But it was extended to 21 days strict lockdown.

What Should I Be Doing?

Let’s assume you have to go outside to buy food for example. In that case, you must stay more than 2m (6.5ft) apart from others.

This is what we call social distancing. Its purpose is to cut down non-essential contact and stop the spread of the virus.

social distancing

Why is Social Distancing Necessary?

Social distancing is important. Because coronavirus spreads when an infected person coughs small droplets – into the air. They are packed with the virus.

These can be breathed in, or can cause an infection. If you touch a surface with the virus, and then touch your face with unwashed hands.

The less time people spend together, the less chance there is of this happening.

What is Self-Isolation?

If you show symptoms of coronavirus – such as a dry cough and high-temperature contact the local authority. The City civil hospital team will arrive and take you to the hospital.

Till the local medical help arrives you must do the following:

You should stay at home and if possible, not leave it for any reason. Staying at a safe distance from others is the only option.

This is self-isolation. If possible, you should not go out even to buy food or other essentials.

Who Should Self-Isolate?

Everyone who shows coronavirus symptoms – a fever, a persistent cough or breathing problems. All those who live in the same house or flat as someone with symptoms must self-isolate too.

Do this till the medical help arrives:

  • If you live alone, you must stay at home
  • If you, or someone you live with, develop symptoms, the entire household needs to isolate for 14 days to monitor for signs of Covid-19
  • But anyone who fell ill on day 13 would have to start separate seven-day isolation from that day (meaning they would spend a total of 20 days at home)

What you should do if someone in your family gets sick?

The person with the suspected symptoms should stay in a well-ventilated room. The room must have a window with proper air circulation. He/she must keep away from other people in the home.

Immediately inform the local authority about the condition. Do not panic. Give the isolated person a pair of hand gloves to wear. This way he/she won’t be able to spread the infection anymore.

Advice him/her not to touch anything.

Coronavirus Symptoms What are they and how do I protect myself featured image

Who shouldn’t go out at all?

India is the second most populated country in the world. People with very serious health conditions must not to go out at all. At least till this pandemic ends.

This is Shielding.

Others in the same household, and carers, can go out as long they observe proper social distancing.

The most vulnerable group includes:

  • Certain types of cancer patients
  • Organ transplant patients
  • People with certain genetic diseases
  • People with serious respiratory conditions such as cystic fibrosis and severe chronic bronchitis
  • Those receiving certain drug treatments which suppress the immune system
  • Pregnant women with heart disease

The government says it will work with local authorities, supermarkets and the armed forces to ensure they get supplies of essential food and medicines.

What happens if you have a vulnerable person living with you during self-isolation?

You should keep at least 2m away from a vulnerable person (such as pregnant women, the elderly or those with an underlying health condition) during any period of isolation, according to medical experts.

Limit time spent together in shared spaces such as kitchens, and keep all rooms well-ventilated. If they can, the vulnerable person should take their meals back to their room to eat.

A vulnerable person should use separate towels from the rest of the household. If possible, they should use a separate bathroom. If that is not possible, you should the bathroom every time after using it. For example, wiping surfaces with which you have come into contact.

People living with someone in isolation should wash their hands often, using soap and water for at least 20 seconds – especially after coming into contact with them.

Double bag personal waste (such as tissues) and put aside for 72 hours before putting it into your outside bin.

For more information read the original article published on BBC.

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